Central mechanisms for force and motion—Towards computational synthesis of human movement

Central mechanisms for force and motion—Towards computational synthesis of human movement

Journal Article

Abstract

​​​Anatomical, physiological and experimental research on the human body can be supplemented by computational synthesis of the human body for all movement: routine daily activities, sports, dancing, and artistic and exploratory involvements. The synthesis requires thorough knowledge about all subsystems of the human body and their interactions, and allows for integration of known knowledge in working modules. It also affords confirmation and/or verification of scientific hypotheses about workings of the central nervous system (CNS).

A simple step in this direction is explored here for controlling the forces of constraint. It requires co-activation of agonist–antagonist musculature. The desired trajectories of motion and the force of contact have to be provided by the CNS. The spinal control involves projection onto a muscular subset that induces the force of contact. The projection of force in the sensory motor cortex is implemented via a well-defined neural population unit, and is executed in the spinal cord by a standard integral controller requiring input from tendon organs. The sensory motor cortex structure is extended to the case for directing motion via two neural population units with vision input and spindle efferents.

Digital computer simulations show the feasibility of the system. The formulation is modular and can be extended to multi-link limbs, robot and humanoid systems with many pairs of actuators or muscles. It can be expanded to include reticular activating structures and learning.

Details

PUBLISHED IN
Neural Networks, Vol. 36, No. 2, pp. 167-178
PUBLICATION DATE
01 tammikuuta 2012
AUTHORS
H. Hemami, B. Dariush