High Throughput Discovery of Families of High Activity WGS Catalysts: Part I - History and Methodology
Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening 13, 318-330
State-of-art water gas shift catalysts (FeCr for high temperature shift and CuZn for low temperature shift) are not active enough to be used in fuel processors for the production of hydrogen from hydrocarbon fuels for fuel cells. The need for drastically lower catalyst volumes has triggered a search for novel WGS catalysts that are an order of magnitude more active than current systems. Novel catalytic materials for the high, medium and low temperature water gas shift reactions have been discovered by application of combinatorial methodologies. Catalyst libraries were synthesized on 4 inch wafers in 16x16 arrays and screened in a high throughput scanning mass spectrometer in the temperature range 200°C to 400°C. More than 200 wafers were screened under various conditions and more than 250,000 experiments were conducted to comprehensively examine catalyst performance for various binary, ternary and higher-order compositions.