Cooperative intelligence is the ability for machines to optimally use limited resources to achieve goals in complex environments together with others. Where Artificial Intelligence focuses on the capability, Cooperative Intelligence ensures confidence and trust when interacting with artificial systems. The interaction can take place for the benefit of the system, e.g. to cope with restricted functionality and robustness or to use interaction to teach the system. However, the interaction can also benefit the human.
Even if the system is able to perform a task autonomously, cooperation can be desirable for several reasons. In order to have the confidence or even trust in the system, we need to understand its state and intention. There are other reasons why we might prefer cooperation to autonomy in the AI system.